LOCAL FLOOD HAZARD INFORMATION
FLOOD HAZARD AREA
Miami Beach is a barrier island city. All properties within the City of Miami Beach are located in or near a “Special Flood Hazard Area” as mapped by the Federal Emergency Management Agency, therefore all properties are vulnerable to flooding. Miami Beach’s occasional heavy rains and flat terrain often lead to flooding, some areas flood with a high tide and west wind.
Urban areas can greatly affect the natural drainage patterns. Increased amounts of pavement also reduce the ability for rainwater to be absorbed, increasing the volume of runoff. Precipitation from a heavy rain can cause urban flooding. In some cases, this type of flood can be devastating to the local area but may not qualify for federal or state assistance. In these cases, flood insurance may be the only financial assistance consumers can get other than personal loans. For example, the June 5, 2009 event dumped nine inches of rain in less than three hours in Miami Beach and led to severe flooding.
Homeowner’s insurance policies do not cover damages and losses due to flooding. The City of Miami Beach participates in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) that makes flood insurance available to everyone in the City. We strongly urge you to buy flood insurance to protect yourself from a devastating loss.
Information about flood insurance policies should be available to you through your insurance agent. Call your insurance agent now so that you will be prepared for future events. Do not wait for a disaster. Please be advised that there is a standard 30-day waiting period, from the date or purchase, before a new flood policy goes into effect.
COMMUNITY RATING SYSTEM “CRS”
City of Miami Beach participates in the Community Rating System (CRS) of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). CRS provides incentive for a community does beyond the NFIP’s minimum requirements to reduce flood risk. The CRS is a voluntary incentive program that rewards community actions that reduce flood risk through discounted flood insurance rates. Currently, City of Miami Beach is Class 6 in CRS, as a result, the property owners in City of Miami Beach are entitled up to 20% discount on Flood Insurance Policies.
A hurricane is an intense weather system of strong thunderstorms with a well-defined surface circulation with sustained winds of 74 mph or higher. Dangerous storm surges and flooding are also associated with hurricanes. As a barrier island, Miami Beach is located in an evacuation zone. A complete hurricane guide is available in English and Spanish for Miami Beach residents.
PROPERTY PROTECTION AND SAFETY
Every year, flooding causes more property damage in the United States than any other type of natural disaster. While recent construction practices and regulations have made new homes and those undergoing substantial improvement or damage less prone to flooding, many existing structures remain susceptible.
In the event of flood threats, it is advisable to take the following emergency actions:
1. Elevate furniture above flood protection levels;
2. Sandbags can be placed to help slow flood water from reaching your possessions;
3. Create flood way openings in non-habitable areas (eg. garages, storage areas) and make sure that their openings are not obstructed.
4. Do not walk through moving water. Six inches of moving water can make you fall. If you have to walk in water, walk where the water is not moving. Use a stick to check the firmness of the ground in front of you.
5. Do not drive into flooded areas. If floodwaters rise around your car, abandon the car and move to higher ground if you can do so safely. You and the vehicle can be quickly swept away.
RETROFITTING is a unique approach to reduce flooding. There are several retrofitting methods that protect your property from flooding:
• Elevation is elevating the structure so that the lowest floor is above flood protection levels. Elevate electrical panel boxes, furnaces, water heaters, washers, dryers, air conditioners and generators above flood protection levels.
• Wet flood proofing makes uninhabited parts of the structure resistant to flood damage when water is allowed to enter during flooding.
• Relocation means moving the structure to higher ground where the exposure to flooding is eliminated altogether.
• Levee and floodwall protection are barriers to prevent floodwaters from entering your property.
• Dry flood proofing (non-residential) is sealing the structure to prevent floodwaters from entering.
If you need technical assistance contact the Building Department at 305.673.7010 x 6770 or x 6165
STORM WATER SYSTEM
Storm water is the rain water that flows over lawns, sidewalks, and streets. As this water flows over these surfaces it picks up debris, fertilizers, auto fluids, and other pollutants before entering into the storm water system and eventually draining into Biscayne Bay. Miami Beach’s storm water system has two primary objectives: to provide pollutant removal and flood protection.
Storm water runoff contains sediments, excess nutrients, heavy metals, and floatable pollutants. These pollutants can be captured through pollution control devises such as sedimentation boxes and grassy swales installed throughout the city. Swales are vital since the water flowing through them also serve as a retention area and drain the city’s streets to prevent flooding. If swales become covered with impervious materials such as concrete or unapproved landscaping, they will not drain the rain water off the street.
There are times that the storm water cannot be discharged by gravity alone and injection well systems are used to pump the rain water deep underground. As part of the City’s capital improvement program, hundreds of drainage structures including wells, pollution control boxes, swales, catch basins, and conveyance pipes are being installed throughout the city.
The Federal Clean Water Act prohibits dumping into waters of the U.S. Should you witness illegal dumping in storm drains and waterways, please report the violation to the Public Works Department’s Environmental Division.
NATURAL & BENEFICIAL FUNCTION
State regulations protect those natural areas that help to reduce the risks associated with flooding. When portions of floodplains are preserved in their natural state, they provide many benefits to both human and natural systems. These benefits range from providing aesthetic pleasure to reducing the number and severity of floods, helping handle storm-water runoff, and minimizing non-point water pollution. Additional information is available at www.sfwmd.gov.
The National Weather Service monitors local weather conditions. If a hurricane or an urban flood advisory is expected, the National Weather Service communicates warning notices through the local broadcast stations (television and radio; check local listings).
Hurricane advisories, when issued, are also posted on the City’s Web site (www.miamibeachfl.gov), MBTV (Atlantic Broadband 77 and AT&T U-verse 99), MBRadio 1670AM, and through social media (Facebook/CityofMiamiBeach and Twitter/MiamiBeachNews). You can also subscribe to receive information via e-mail and emergency notices via Reverse 9-1-1.
FLOOD PLAIN DEVELOPMENT
All developments or improvements including but not limited to: new construction, repairs and/or replacement work, additions, re-grade or put in fill and tree removal require a permit. Failure to obtain a permit may result in an unsafe structure, fines, and possible court action. Please contact the Building Department should you see development without properly displayed permits.
The following definitions may help you in determining if your property falls under the 50 percent rule:
Substantial Improvement: Any reconstruction, rehabilitation, addition, or other improvement of a structure taking place during a one-year period, in which the cumulative cost of which equals or exceeds 50 percent of the market value of the structure before the “start of construction.”
Substantial Damage: Damage of any origin sustained by a structure whereby the cost of restoring the structure to it before damaged condition would equal or exceed 50 percent of the market value of the structure before the damaged occurred. This term also includes “repetitive loss” structures.
All new construction, reconstruction, rehabilitation, additions, repairs to substantially damaged properties, and substantial improvements to a structure that equals or exceeds 50 percent of the buildings market value are required to meet current floodplain management requirements.
FLOOD ZONE MAP
The Building Department maintains a flood zone map that is available to the public. The Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) is an essential product of the Flood Insurance Study, which shows a community’s base flood elevations, flood zones, floodplain boundaries and flood data for both floodplain management and insurance rating programs. The FIRM zone designations are based on 100- year flood. The 100-year flood is also referred to as Base Flood Elevation (BFE). You can also view your property Flood Zone at Miami-Dade County’s website: http://gisweb.miamidade.gov/floodzone/
Properties in the Zones AE and VE fall within the 100-year floodplain. These zones are Special Flood Hazard Areas (SFHA), and flood insurance with federally backed programs is required on all properties within these zones.
Properties in Zone X fall in the 500-year floodplain that is shown in green area in the City of Miami Beach Flood Zone Map. Flood insurance is not required by the federal government for properties in Zone X; however, the insurance companies and/or lenders may require flood.
Areas determined to be outside the 0.2% annual change floodplain
Base Flood Elevation determined Base
Coastal flood zone with velocity hazard (wave action); Base Flood Elevation determined
COASTAL A Zone
As defined is the area landward of a V Zone or landward of an open coast without mapped V Zones when the potential for breaking wave heights between 1.5 feet and 3.0 feet will exist. Currently, the Coastal A Zone is not delineated on effective Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRM). A licensed professional, as authorized by law, can determine whether or not the potential highest wave is above or equal to 1.5 feet on a site.
If the structure was built or substantially improved in 1993 or later, the Building Department may have the Elevation Certificate on records. To obtain a copy of the Elevation Certificate, please submit your request by e-mail to BuildingRecords@miamibeachfl.gov or by fax to 786.394.4050. You may contact Building Department Records Management Section at 305.673.7610 ext. 4744, 6791, 6189 and 4249.
USEFUL CONTACT INFORMATION
Flood Hazard Information and Technical Assistance: 305.673.7610 x 6770 or x 6165.
PUBLIC WORKS DEPARTMENT
Environmental Division 305.673.7080
OTHER HELPFUL WEBSITES
Miami Beach: www.miamibeachfl.gov
Miami-Dade County: www.miamidade.gov
South Florida Water Management District: www.sfwmd.gov
Federal Emergency Management Agency: www.fema.gov
American Red Cross: www.redcross.org
Insurance institute for Business and Home Safety: www.disastersafety.org
National Flood Insurance Program: www.floodsmart.gov
Association State of Floodplain Managers: www.floods.org